Cloud application security in Java for AWS

CYDJvAWSCld5d
5 days
On-site or online
Hands-on
Java
Web
Cloud
Developer
labs

41 Labs

case_study

17 Case Studies

Audience

Java developers working on Web applications and AWS

Preparedness

General Java and Web development

Standards and references

OWASP, SEI CERT, CWE and Fortify Taxonomy

Group size

12 participants

Outline

  • Cyber security basics
  • The OWASP Top Ten 2021
  • Cloud security
  • Input validation
  • Wrap up

What you'll have learned

  • Understand cloud security specialties
  • Getting familiar with essential cyber security concepts
  • Understanding how cryptography supports security
  • Learning how to use cryptographic APIs correctly in Java
  • Understanding Web application security issues
  • Detailed analysis of the OWASP Top Ten elements
  • Putting Web application security in the context of Java
  • Going beyond the low hanging fruits
  • Managing vulnerabilities in third party components
  • Learn to deal with cloud infrastructure security
  • Input validation approaches and principles
  • Identify vulnerabilities and their consequences
  • Learn the security best practices in Java

Description

Your cloud application written in Java works as intended, so you are done, right? But did you consider feeding in incorrect values? 16Gbs of data? A null? An apostrophe? Negative numbers, or specifically -1 or -2^31? Because that’s what the bad guys will do – and the list is far from complete.

The cloud has become a critical aspect of online services. No matter which model you’re using (SaaS, PaaS, IaaS), part of your service is now operated by someone else. This may look like a net positive, but it also greatly expands the attack surface and brings in several new risks that may not be obvious. Have you configured all security settings correctly? Are you prepared for supply chain attacks? How can you protect the confidentiality of user data in the cloud? And most importantly: can the bad guys use your exposure to their advantage?

Handling security needs a healthy level of paranoia, and this is what this course provides: a strong emotional engagement by lots of hands-on labs and stories from real life, all to substantially improve code hygiene. Mistakes, consequences, and best practices are our blood, sweat and tears.

The curriculum goes through the common Web application security issues following the OWASP Top Ten but goes far beyond it both in coverage and the details.All this is put in the context of Java, and extended by core programming issues, discussing security pitfalls of the Java language and the AWS cloud platform.

So that you are prepared for the forces of the dark side.

So that nothing unexpected happens.

Nothing.

Table of contents

  • Cyber security basics
    • What is security?
    • Threat and risk
    • Cyber security threat types – the CIA triad
    • Cyber security threat types – the STRIDE model
    • Consequences of insecure software
    • Constraints and the market
    • The dark side
    • Cloud security basics
      • Cloud infrastructure basics
      • Cloud architectures and security
      • The Cloud Cube Model and Zero Trust Architecture
      • Attack surface in the cloud
    • Cloud security standards and best practices
      • CSA controls and the Cloud Controls Matrix (CCM)
      • Other standards
  • The OWASP Top Ten 2021
    • A01 – Broken Access Control
      • Access control basics
      • Failure to restrict URL access
      • Confused deputy
        • Insecure direct object reference (IDOR)
        • Lab – Insecure Direct Object Reference
        • Authorization bypass through user-controlled keys
        • Case study – Authorization bypass on Facebook
        • Lab – Horizontal authorization
      • File upload
        • Unrestricted file upload
        • Good practices
        • Lab – Unrestricted file upload
      • Open redirects and forwards
        • Case study – Unvalidated redirect at Epic Games
        • Open redirects and forwards – best practices
      • Cross-site Request Forgery (CSRF)
        • Lab – Cross-site Request Forgery
        • CSRF best practices
        • CSRF defense in depth
        • Lab – CSRF protection with tokens
    • A02 – Cryptographic Failures
      • Information exposure
        • Exposure through extracted data and aggregation
        • Case study – Strava data exposure
      • Cryptography for developers
        • Cryptography basics
        • Java Cryptographic Architecture (JCA) in brief
        • Elementary algorithms
          • Random number generation
            • Pseudo random number generators (PRNGs)
            • Cryptographically strong PRNGs
            • Using virtual random streams
            • Weak and strong PRNGs in Java
            • Lab – Using random numbers in Java
            • Case study – Equifax credit account freeze
          • Hashing
            • Hashing basics
            • Hashing in Java
            • Lab – Hashing in JCA
  • The OWASP Top Ten 2021
    • A02 – Cryptographic Failures (continued)
      • Cryptography for developers
        • Confidentiality protection (continued)
          • Confidentiality protection
          • Symmetric encryption
            • Block ciphers
            • Modes of operation
            • Modes of operation and IV – best practices
            • Symmetric encryption in Java
            • Symmetric encryption in Java with streams
            • Lab – Symmetric encryption in JCA
          • Asymmetric encryption
            • The RSA algorithm
              • Using RSA – best practices
              • RSA in Java
          • Combining symmetric and asymmetric algorithms
        • Public Key Infrastructure (PKI)
          • Some further key management challenges
          • Certificates
            • Certificates and PKI
            • X.509 certificates
        • Transport security
          • Transport security weaknesses
          • The TLS protocol
            • TLS basics
            • TLS features (changes in v1.3)
            • The handshake in a nutshell (v1.3)
            • TLS best practices
            • TLS authentication best practices
            • HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS)
    • A03 – Injection
      • Injection principles
      • Injection attacks
      • SQL injection
        • SQL injection basics
        • Lab – SQL injection
        • Attack techniques
        • Content-based blind SQL injection
        • Time-based blind SQL injection
      • NoSQL injection
        • NoSQL injection basics
        • NoSQL injection in MongoDB
        • NoSQL injection in DynamoDB
      • SQL injection best practices
        • Input validation
        • Parameterized queries
        • Lab – Using prepared statements
        • Case study – Hacking Fortnite accounts
        • SQL injection protection and ORM
      • Parameter manipulation
        • CRLF injection
          • Log forging
          • Log forging – best practices
      • Code injection
        • OS command injection
          • OS command injection best practices
          • Using Runtime.exec()
          • Using ProcessBuilder
          • Case study – Shellshock
          • Lab – Shellshock
      • HTML injection – Cross-site scripting (XSS)
        • Cross-site scripting basics
        • Cross-site scripting types
          • Persistent cross-site scripting
          • Reflected cross-site scripting
          • Client-side (DOM-based) cross-site scripting
        • Lab – Stored XSS
        • Lab – Reflected XSS
        • Case study – XSS in Fortnite accounts
        • XSS protection best practices
          • Protection principles – escaping
          • XSS protection APIs in Java
          • XSS protection in JSP
          • Lab – XSS fix / stored
          • Lab – XSS fix / reflected
          • Additional protection layers – defense in depth
  • The OWASP Top Ten 2021
    • A04 – Insecure Design
      • The STRIDE model of threats
      • Secure design principles of Saltzer and Schroeder
      • Client-side security
        • Same Origin Policy
        • Frame sandboxing
          • Cross-Frame Scripting (XFS) attacks
          • Lab – Clickjacking
          • Clickjacking beyond hijacking a click
          • Clickjacking protection best practices
          • Lab – Using CSP to prevent clickjacking
    • A05 – Security Misconfiguration
      • Configuration principles
      • Server misconfiguration
      • Java related components – best practices
        • Tomcat configuration
        • Lab – Tomcat misconfiguration
      • AWS configuration best practices
        • Common AWS misconfiguration issues
      • Cookie security
        • Cookie security best practices
        • Cookie attributes
      • XML entities
        • DTD and the entities
        • Attribute blowup
        • Entity expansion
        • External Entity Attack (XXE)
          • File inclusion with external entities
          • Server-Side Request Forgery with external entities
          • Lab – External entity attack
          • Case study – XXE vulnerability in SAP Store
          • Preventing XXE
          • Lab – Prohibiting DTD expansion
    • A06 – Vulnerable and Outdated Components
      • Using vulnerable components
      • Assessing the environment
      • Hardening
      • Untrusted functionality import
      • Vulnerability management
        • Patch management
        • Vulnerability databases
        • Vulnerability rating – CVSS
        • Lab – Finding vulnerabilities in third-party components
        • Bug bounty programs
        • DevOps, the build process and CI / CD
        • Dependency checking in Java
        • Lab – Detecting vulnerable components
    • A07 – Identification and Authentication Failures
      • Authentication
        • Authentication basics
        • Multi-factor authentication
        • Time-based One Time Passwords (TOTP)
        • Authentication weaknesses
        • Spoofing on the Web
        • Case study – PayPal 2FA bypass
        • User interface best practices
        • Lab – On-line password brute forcing
      • Session management
        • Session management essentials
        • Why do we protect session IDs – Session hijacking
        • Session fixation
        • Session invalidation
        • Session ID best practices
      • Single sign-on (SSO)
        • Single sign-on concept
        • OAuth2
          • OAuth2 basics
          • OAuth2 in practice
          • Best practices
          • Configuration best practices
          • Case study – Stealing SSO tokens from Epic Games accounts
        • SAML
          • SAML basics
          • SAML profiles
          • SAML security
      • Identity and access management (IAM)
        • Identity and access management in AWS
        • Access tokens
        • Groups, roles and credentials
  • The OWASP Top Ten 2021
    • A07 – Identification and Authentication Failures (continued)
      • Password management
        • Inbound password management
        • Outbound password management
          • Hard coded passwords
          • Best practices
          • Lab – Hardcoded password
          • Protecting sensitive information in memory
            • Challenges in protecting memory
            • Storing sensitive data in memory
            • Lab – Using secret-handling classes in Java
    • A08 – Software and Data Integrity Failures
      • Integrity protection
      • Message Authentication Code (MAC)
        • Calculating MAC in Java
        • Lab – Calculating MAC in JCA
      • Digital signature
        • Digital signature with RSA
        • Elliptic Curve Cryptography
          • ECC basics
          • Digital signature with ECC
          • Lab – Digital signature with ECDSA in JCA
      • Subresource integrity
        • Importing JavaScript
        • Lab – Importing JavaScript
        • Case study – The British Airways data breach
      • Insecure deserialization
        • Serialization and deserialization challenges
        • Integrity – deserializing untrusted streams
        • Using readObject
        • Integrity – deserialization best practices
        • Look ahead deserialization
        • Property Oriented Programming (POP)
          • Creating payload
          • Lab – Creating a POP payload
          • Lab – Using the POP payload
    • A09 – Security Logging and Monitoring Failures
      • Logging and monitoring principles
      • Insufficient logging
      • Case study – Plaintext passwords at Facebook
      • Logging best practices
      • Detection and monitoring
        • Utilizing AWS monitoring for security
        • Protecting logs
        • The AWS Security Hub
    • A10 Server-Side Request Forgery (SSRF)
      • Server-side Request Forgery (SSRF)
      • Case study – SSRF and the Capital One breach
  • Cloud security
    • AWS security
      • Security considerations
        • AWS and security
        • AWS security features
        • The AWS shared responsibility model
        • AWS cloud compliance
        • AWS hardening
        • Security tools for AWS
      • Data security
        • Data confidentiality and integrity in the cloud
        • Data privacy in the cloud
        • Compliance considerations
        • Policies
        • Storing cryptographic keys
        • Protecting data at rest
        • Protecting data in transit
        • JSON security
          • JSON validation
          • JSON injection
          • Dangers of JSONP
          • JSON/JavaScript hijacking
          • Best practices
          • Case study – ReactJS vulnerability in HackerOne
  • Cloud security
    • Container security
      • Container security concerns
      • Containerization, virtualization and security
      • The attack surface
      • Docker security
        • Docker and security
        • Common Docker security mistakes
        • Docker security best practices
        • Lab – Static analysis of Docker images
        • Hardening Docker
      • Kubernetes security
        • The Kubernetes architecture and security
        • Securing Kubernetes hosts
        • Best practices for Kubernetes access control
        • Building secure Kubernetes images
        • Secure deployment of Kubernetes containers
        • Protecting Kubernetes deployments at runtime
  • The OWASP Top Ten 2021
    • Web application security beyond the Top Ten
      • Code quality
        • Data handling
        • Initialization and cleanup
          • Constructors and destructors
          • Class initialization cycles
          • Lab – Initialization cycles
          • The finalize() method – best practices
        • Object oriented programming pitfalls
          • Inheritance and overriding
          • Mutability
            • Lab – Mutable object
          • Cloning
      • Denial of service
        • Denial of Service
        • Flooding
        • Resource exhaustion
        • Sustained client engagement
        • Algorithm complexity issues
          • Regular expression denial of service (ReDoS)
            • Lab – ReDoS in Java
            • Dealing with ReDoS
  • Input validation
    • Input validation principles
    • Denylists and allowlists
    • What to validate – the attack surface
    • Where to validate – defense in depth
    • When to validate – validation vs transformations
    • Validation with regex
    • Integer handling problems
      • Representing signed numbers
      • Integer visualization
      • Integer overflow
      • Lab – Integer overflow
      • Signed / unsigned confusion in Java
      • Case study – The Stockholm Stock Exchange
      • Integer truncation
      • Best practices
        • Upcasting
        • Precondition testing
        • Postcondition testing
        • Using big integer libraries
        • Integer handling in Java
        • Lab – Integer handling
    • Files and streams
      • Path traversal
      • Lab – Path traversal
      • Path traversal-related examples
      • Additional challenges in Windows
      • Virtual resources
      • Path traversal best practices
      • Lab – Path canonicalization
    • Unsafe reflection
      • Reflection without validation
      • Lab – Unsafe reflection
    • Unsafe native code
      • Native code dependence
      • Lab – Unsafe native code
      • Best practices for dealing with native code
  • Wrap up
    • Secure coding principles
      • Principles of robust programming by Matt Bishop
    • And now what?
      • Software security sources and further reading
      • Java resources

Pricing

5 days Session Price

3750 EUR / person

  • Live, instructor led classroom training
  • Discussion and insight into the hacker’s mindset
  • Hands-on practice using case studies based on high-profile hacks and live lab exercises
Customized Course

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  • One of our colleagues will be in touch to schedule a free 45 minute pre-training consultation

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